A class is formed from the union or the confluence of elements with characteristics in common. In this way it usually works as a category. The idea of social, on the other hand, alludes to what is linked to society (a group of people with common interests who interact with each other in the same space and according to shared rules and norms).
The companies tend to stratify: that is, divided into strata. These strata are constituted as classes that are made up of individuals who have an affinity regarding their economic means, their customs, their ideologies, etc.
A social class, therefore, is made up of people who, due to the aforementioned coincidences, are part of the same stratum. Broadly speaking, it can be said that a society is divided into the following social classes: low, middle and high.
In the lower class are included those people with difficulties to satisfy their basic needs. Those who make up this social class do not have a job or have informal or low-paid jobs. As they have limited financial resources, they live in poor neighborhoods with multiple infrastructure problems.
Middle-class subjects, on the other hand, enjoy greater comforts and possibilities for progress. They usually have the necessary training to access good jobs, although in turn they need to work hard and make an effort to maintain and grow.
The upper class constitutes the highest echelon of society. It includes the highest earners, such as business owners, executives, and landlords. Not only can they satisfy their material needs without problems, but they also have the possibility to save and access all kinds of products and services considered elite.
The division into social classes can be very useful for students of those subjects that require data grouped in a precise and orderly way, but for people it can become a reason for rejection that generates very deep wounds. Who can like to be pigeonholed in the lower class? And, similarly, perhaps everyone in the upper class does not like being trapped in this classification either.
Just as poverty limits us, so does wealth and, although the reasons are very different, the results can be very similar. While a person from a lower social class may fear approaching groups of wealthy people for fear of being despised and made fun of, the rich also suffer a certain level of rejection by the poor classes, either out of envy. or for fear of being discriminated against.
In some cases, belonging to a social class is enough to access certain opportunities without having to go through a selection process that involves aptitude or capacity tests. While this may seem unfair and actually deprives millions of people from improving their quality of life, some stories tip the scales unexpectedly.
For example, there are universities known to focus on money over training, so that their students access courses thanks to having a considerably high purchasing power, regardless of their previous academic performance. On the other hand, low-income students who must strive to take every step in their training can take pride in having achieved a degree that they truly deserve.
The rest of the species do not appeal to the division into social classes, but rather focus on what each individual can contribute on their own merit to each moment of their life. In fact, pack leaders are always put to the test until eventually someone (usually younger) takes the throne from them.