Goodness is the quality of good. It is identified with the characteristic of good people. It is also the inclination or natural tendency to do good. Goodness applies to the character of a person, an object or an action to indicate that it is good. It is also identified with the word ‘sweetness’, for example, ‘He helped the old man get up with kindness’.
The term goodness, is an abstract noun, comes from the Latin “bonitas” , formed of “bonus” that means “good” and the suffix “-tat ” that changes to Castilian as “dad ” that expresses “quality“, therefore, kindness is good quality.
The term kind is an adjective that is used to indicate a person full of kindness, gentle genius, the kind person is characterized by being a person who performs good and promotes everything good for people around him. To have kindness is to be benevolent, kind and tries to seek the help of another.
The kind person is inclined to avoid suffering to a community or a person, that is, he does good for the benefit of other people, as in the case of humanitarian actions aimed at relieving human pain and attending to basic needs of a population and promote their rights, and, all those who carry out these actions can be considered kind, representatives of goodness such as: Mother Teresa of Calcutta, John Paul II, Gnadhi and, actors such as: Shakira.
The antonym of the word goodness is evil, a negative characteristic of a person that reflects the absence of goodness, charity or affection for their neighbors.
Goodness as value
Goodness is an abstract term impossible to quantify. He has been treated on issues of Philosophy, Religion, Ethics and Moral. When a person or an action is identified as kind, it is usually associated with other values such as solidarity, generosity, humility or respect.
In these terms goodness is not considered simply as the absence of evil, since goodness is not limited to avoiding evil, but also to promoting good.
Goodness in philosophy
For Socrates, goodness is a state of the soul and wisdom is the essence, although Plato supported the idea of Socrates, I believe that the reason is what must dominate at all times. In turn, Inmanuel Kant, postulated that the good or the bad depends on the will of the human being since it is her, in the conduct of man, where evil or goodness prevails.
Aristotle, indicated that all human beings have the ability to be good and that they should develop capacity through practice through virtuous actions, in conclusion for this philosopher, goodness was a matter of habit. In reference to this, I quote Aristotle “A State is better governed by a good man than by a good law.”
Goodness in the Bible
In general, human beings are kind to family or friends, rather only to the people they love, but as Jesus said, the individual must be kind to those who love him and ungrateful people. The Bible explains that the individual surrounds himself with grateful people as ungrateful, disloyal, but in spite of that the Christian, who follows the teachings of Jesus, should not act in the same way, since as the Bible says in Romans 12 : 17 “Do not return evil for evil to anyone. Provide excellent things for everyone. ”
The human being being kindly knows God better and has a life of happiness, despite many times the acts are not taken into account or be grateful for others, man should not let act with kindness because as expressed by the Bible in the book of Matthew: “Blessed are those who give help, because those will receive help. Blessed are the pure in heart, for those will see God. ”
Goodness of fit
In Statistics, goodness of fit is a type of test that identifies the degree of agreement between the observed values (Fo) and the expected values (Fe) in a statistical analysis (regression). Goodness of fit markers help establish which regression model is the most convenient. Some tests used to measure goodness of fit are the chi-square test and the Kolmogorov – Smirnov test.
Meaning of the expression ‘have the goodness of’
It is an expression that is used as a courtesy formula to request something from someone. Example: ‘Have the kindness to enter’.