Geography of Geneva County, Alabama

Geography of Geneva County, Alabama

Geneva County, located in the southeastern part of the state of Alabama, is a region known for its diverse geography, including rolling hills, fertile farmland, and winding waterways. Encompassing an area of approximately 579 square miles, Geneva County is situated in the Wiregrass Region of Alabama and is home to several towns, communities, and natural landmarks.

Location and Borders

According to Gradphysics, Geneva County is situated in the southeastern part of Alabama, bordered by several other counties and the state of Florida. To the north, Geneva County is bordered by Dale County, to the east by Houston County, to the south by Holmes County in Florida, and to the west by Coffee County. The county seat is the city of Geneva, while other significant communities include Slocomb, Hartford, and Samson.

Topography and Terrain

The topography of Geneva County is characterized by its gently rolling hills, fertile plains, and abundant waterways. The county lies within the Gulf Coastal Plain, a region of low-lying terrain that extends from the Gulf of Mexico to the Appalachian Mountains.

The terrain of Geneva County varies from flat agricultural land in the southern part of the county to more hilly and forested areas in the northern part. Elevations in the county range from around 100 feet above sea level in the southern plains to over 300 feet in the northern hills.

One notable geographical feature in Geneva County is the Choctawhatchee River, which flows through the eastern part of the county before entering Florida. The river and its tributaries provide habitat for a variety of wildlife and recreational opportunities for residents and visitors alike.


Geneva County experiences a humid subtropical climate, characterized by hot, humid summers and mild winters. The region’s climate is influenced by its proximity to the Gulf of Mexico, which brings warm, moist air masses into the area.

Summer temperatures in Geneva County typically range from the 80s to 90s Fahrenheit (around 27-37°C), with high humidity levels making it feel even hotter. Thunderstorms are common during the summer months, bringing heavy rainfall and occasional severe weather.

Winter temperatures are relatively mild, with average highs in the 50s to 60s Fahrenheit (around 10-20°C) and lows in the 30s to 40s Fahrenheit (around 0-10°C). Snowfall is rare in Geneva County, although freezing rain and sleet can occur during winter storms.

Rivers and Waterways

Geneva County is traversed by several rivers and waterways, which play a vital role in shaping the region’s landscape and providing water for irrigation, recreation, and wildlife habitat. The most significant river in the county is the Choctawhatchee River, which forms part of the county’s eastern border.

Other notable rivers in Geneva County include the Pea River, the Little Choctawhatchee River, and the Yellow River. These rivers and their tributaries provide opportunities for fishing, boating, kayaking, and other water-based activities.

Lakes and Reservoirs

While Geneva County does not have any large natural lakes, the region is home to several reservoirs and man-made lakes that provide water for recreation, irrigation, and flood control. Notable lakes and reservoirs in the county include Lake Geneva, Lake Jackson, and Morrison Lake.

Lake Geneva, located near the city of Geneva, is a popular destination for fishing, boating, and swimming, with public access points and recreational facilities available for visitors to enjoy. Lake Jackson and Morrison Lake also offer opportunities for outdoor recreation, with boat ramps, fishing piers, and picnic areas for families to enjoy.

Parks and Recreation Areas

Geneva County is home to several parks, wildlife management areas, and recreational areas that showcase the region’s natural beauty and provide opportunities for outdoor adventure. Notable parks in the county include the Choctawhatchee River Wildlife Management Area, which offers hiking trails, birdwatching opportunities, and hunting and fishing areas.

In addition to wildlife management areas, Geneva County is home to several city and county parks, including Hugger Landing Park, Samson Park, and Hartford City Park. These parks offer playgrounds, picnic areas, and sports facilities for residents and visitors to enjoy.

Agriculture and Economy

Agriculture is an important part of Geneva County’s economy and heritage, with the region’s fertile soils and favorable climate supporting a variety of crops and livestock. Cotton, peanuts, soybeans, and corn are among the primary crops grown in the county, while poultry farming and cattle ranching are also significant industries.

In addition to agriculture, manufacturing, retail, and healthcare are important sectors of the economy in Geneva County. The county is home to several manufacturing companies, particularly in the automotive, textiles, and food processing industries, which provide employment opportunities for residents and contribute to the local economy.

Historical Sites and Landmarks

Geneva County has a rich history dating back to its early settlement by Native American tribes, followed by European explorers, pioneers, and settlers. The county is home to several historic sites and landmarks that tell the story of its past, including historic homes, museums, and cultural institutions.

One notable landmark in Geneva County is the Geneva County Courthouse, located in the city of Geneva. The courthouse is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and serves as a symbol of the county’s heritage and identity.

Other notable historical sites in Geneva County include the John Hollis Bankhead House, the Campbell House Museum, and the Slocomb Railroad Depot. These sites preserve the history and heritage of the region, providing insight into the lives of early settlers and the development of the county over time.


Geneva County, Alabama, is a region of natural beauty, diverse landscapes, and rich agricultural heritage. From its rolling hills and winding rivers to its fertile farmland and historic landmarks, the county offers something for everyone to enjoy.

Whether exploring the Choctawhatchee River Wildlife Management Area, fishing in Lake Geneva, or learning about the county’s history at the Geneva County Courthouse, visitors to Geneva County are sure to be captivated by its charm and hospitality. With its diverse geography, vibrant communities, and strong sense of history, Geneva County is a hidden gem of the southeastern United States, inviting travelers to explore its wonders and create lasting memories.