Establishing the etymological origin of the term corticoid that we are currently dealing with means determining that it is found in Latin. More precisely, we can specify that, specifically, it comes from the Latin word cortex, which can be defined as “bark”.
According to DigoPaul, the concept of corticosteroid is used in the field of biology to identify steroid-type hormones that are produced in the adrenal glands (more precisely in their cortex) and their derivatives.
These hormones, which belong to the group of steroids, can be synthesized artificially and have multiple therapeutic applications, since they favor protein catabolism, help regulate or treat inflammation, benefit carbohydrate metabolism and contribute to reinforcing the immune system.
Corticosteroids are produced naturally by the human body. These substances operate physiologically to attenuate the body’s responses to inflammatory processes, control stressful situations, inhibit phagocytosis, and other issues.
Corticosteroid drug delivery, therefore, can lead to complications as exogenous application can interfere with endogenous production. That is why a doctor must be responsible for administering corticosteroid treatments that do not have a harmful effect on the body.
It is therefore essential that a professional analyze the possible risks and benefits of the exogenous supply of corticosteroids. For example: if corticosteroids are used to treat viral infections for a long time, the virus can develop more quickly.
Corticosteroids, also called corticosteroids, when used as a treatment can lead, in certain cases, to a series of serious health consequences such as, for example, the appearance of what is known as Cushing’s syndrome. This is defined as a pathology that is identified because it arises as a consequence of the notable increase in the hormone cortisol.
Among the symptoms that indicate that a patient suffers from this disease are hypertension, impotence, amenorrhea in the case of women, back or headaches, obesity, muscle weakness, irritability or what is known as moon face. This translates into having a round and red face.
However, the intake of corticosteroids for a certain period can also lead to the appearance of Addison’s disease, which results in adrenal insufficiency. Change in skin color, weakness, intestinal irritability or hypokinetic heart activity are the main symptoms of the aforementioned pathology.
It should be noted that the corticosteroid drug can also cause side effects, such as problems with calcium storage in the bones, accumulation of body fat, gastritis and skin damage.
And all this without forgetting the appearance of stretch marks or the so-called telangiectasias, also called spider veins, which are injuries that occur in the eye or in other parts of the body, such as the face or neck, when the capillaries dilate..
It should not be forgotten that certain corticosteroids can remain in the body for several months after a single dose, while others are expelled from the body in a few hours. The doctor should always be in charge of administering the treatment.