The climate refers to the state of atmosphere conditions influencing a particular area. The everyday use of the term, in general, is linked to temperature and the record or not of precipitation (rain, snow, etc.).
Although weather is sometimes used as a synonym for time, these concepts do not have the same meaning. Weather refers to the situation of atmospheric factors that act at a specific time and in a certain region. For example: “The weather in Buenos Aires is warm, with a temperature, at the moment, of 27º”, “I would like to know how the weather is in Acapulco, since, in a few hours, we will arrive in the city and I would like to spend the afternoon on the beach ”.
The climate, on the other hand, supposes information focused on a longer period of time, of at least three decades: “The climate of my region is subtropical, with a lot of rainfall during the summer season”, “Global warming has generated a marked increase in temperature and a new climate characterized by high humidity ”.
On the other hand, a certain social environment is called a climate, with particular characteristics that define it: “The political climate is quite convulsed at the present time, after the resignation of the president and his ministers”, “You cannot underestimate the intellectual climate that is breathed in the city ”.
Other uses of the word climate are linked to the area of the globe that is located between two parallels and to the measurement of surface used in the agricultural field that indicated 60 feet on a side (that is, about 290 square meters).
Environmental pollution and climate changes
Throughout the 20th century, the average temperature of our planet increased 0.6 degrees, due to different acts of negligence on the part of the human being. Similarly, it is estimated that by the year 2100, compared to 1990, the increase will be up to 5.8 degrees and the mean sea level will rise to 88 centimeters, unprecedented in the last thousand years.
These climate changes will bring diseases of infectious type, such as tropical, and that conditions will be more than adequate to be scattered, even in Northern Earth. It has been announced by the World Health Organization that malaria and dengue, among many other diseases transmitted by insects, will proliferate dangerously due to changes in temperatures and rainfall.
The concentration of gases such as CO2 in the atmosphere is very dangerous, and since 1750 it has grown by 31%, due to human activities, such as deforestation and, mainly, the burning of fossil fuels.
Likewise, the reduction of ice and snow covers has been 10% since the late 1960’s and the temperature of the oceanic surface has risen alarmingly. If this continues to worsen, the consequences will be fatal; the sea is likely to flood several countries, to produce mega tsunamis that wipe out everything in their path, as well as an epidemic of cholera and poisoning from the consumption of shellfish.
All this can be prevented with a drastic reduction in emissions of gases such as CO2, which together with the atmosphere cause the aforementioned greenhouse effect. Another of the main sources of contamination is the incineration of waste, since it emits highly toxic substances. With this action, people are turning our planet into a death trap, polluting the air, water and food, which could end up being deadly poisons.