Leric is a concept that comes from the Latin clerĭcus, although its oldest origin leads us to the Greek language. The term is used to name the man who has received holy orders and who therefore belongs to the clergy (the priestly class).
For example: “When I am not in good spirits, I will talk to the cleric of the parish to contain me”, “The cleric was concerned about the advance of drugs in the youth of the neighborhood”, “A young Ecuadorian cleric who traveled to Africa to mission was recognized by the UN.
It should be noted that the notion acquires different meanings according to religion. For the Catholic Church, a cleric is a person who joins the priestly order and who is governed by a statute that is part of canon law. The man becomes a cleric when he receives the sacrament of holy orders in the degree of diaconate.
It is important to be clear that there are different types of clergy depending on the position in which they are within the order or the work they carry out. Specifically, these are some of the most significant:
• Mass clergyman. This is also known as a priest and is in charge, among other things, of performing various religious services within what would be the temples.
• Crown clergyman, who is one who has to his credit the first tonsure, that is, the first degree that exists within the religion.
• Senior clergyman. This is a term that is used to refer to a religious who has one or the three main major orders that exist and which are the priesthood, the diaconate and the subdiaconate.
• Clergy of minors. As its name indicates, under this denomination are the religious who have to their credit one or more of the minor orders that there are. These we can say that they are exorcist, ostiary, acolyte and reader.
Besides all this, we cannot ignore either that within the different groups of existing clerics, there is also the so-called chamber cleric. This is a term that is used to refer to one who has the honor of having been appointed to a position within what would be the Pope’s Palace.
For Islam, a clergyman is a religious leader. In countries where religion and the state are not separated or, at least, they maintain a very close bond, the clergy are authorities of importance on a political and social level: “An Iranian cleric requested the death penalty for an actress who wore a pollera on local television ”, “ The Israeli president responded with harsh words to the statements of the Arab cleric on the situation in the Middle East ”.
In the Middle Ages, a clergyman was a learned and wise man, even if he did not have an order or was a pagan.
Likewise, we have to highlight the existence of a literary work of terror that uses the word in question in its title. We are referring to “The Evil Clergyman”, a short story by the famous author HP Lovecraft.