According to abbreviationfinder, CIA stands for Central Intelligence Agency. North American organization dedicated to international espionage. Its legal framework establishes that the intelligence activity of the CIA must be:
timely, objective, independent of political considerations, and based on intelligence community sources.
But it has been involved in covert operations to destabilize governments and assassinate leaders in countries that have tried to carry out transformations against US interests.
The CIA’s links with the paramilitary forces of the dictatorial regimes of the Southern Cone during the 1970s and 1980s were notorious and fluid.
In Latin America
Below, and as an example, is a very brief summary of the CIA’s terrorist actions in Latin America and the Caribbean:
Financing and organization of the coup against Guatemalan President Jacobo Arbenz in 1954. The violence provoked since then by successive military governments left 160,000 dead and 40,000 missing.
After the Triumph of the Cuban Revolution, President Dwight David Eisenhower authorized the execution of so-called covert operations in order to assassinate Cuban President Fidel Castro and thereby put an end to the revolutionary project.
For these purposes, he created in Miami a CIA station specially directed against Cuba. He organized counterrevolutionary gangs that committed assassinations in the civilian population and practiced sabotage against economic targets. He financed, armed and trained mercenary brigade that invaded the area of Playa Giron in the province of Matanzas in April of 1961, known as the invasion of the Bay of Pigs, taking responsibility for the defeat of President John Kennedy.
The actions against Cuba, including the constant threats of military invasion, economic warfare, economic blockade and biological warfare, and other modalities applied by the North American Government have caused numerous human losses and serious material damage to the Caribbean country. Thousands of acts of a terrorist nature have been carried out against Cuba since the triumph of the Cuban Revolution.
On the afternoon of March 4, 1960, the French ship La Coubre, loaded with grenades for FAL rifles and Belgian-made ammunition, exploded in the bay of Havana. Due to the number of casualties, it is considered the largest of the terrorist attacks carried out against Cuba in the long list of acts of this nature. All the evidence indicated then – and now – that it was the work of the North American Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), since the United States government had put pressure on the Belgian authorities in order to prevent shipments of these weapons to the largest of the Antilles.
Another of the most monstrous CIA actions against Cuba is carried out by CIA agents Orlando Bosch and Luis Posada Carriles, both of Cuban origin, when they organize an attack that causes the explosion, in mid-flight, of a Cuban plane in Barbados. on October 6, 1976. 73 people die in the attack.
At the end of the decade of 1990 the CIA operative Luis Posada Carriles organizes a series of bomb attacks against Cuban hotels resulting in one death and numerous injuries. Salvadoran mercenaries participate in the attacks.
In 1963, the CIA carried out a propaganda campaign against Dominican President Juan Bosch that culminated in a coup. After the uprising of the constitutional military who demanded the return of Bosch, in 1965, the United States, in an operation coordinated by the CIA, intervened on that island.
In 1964, the CIA took action against João Goulart, president of Brazil, culminating in a military coup.
The CIA is involved in training and operations of the Bolivian army against the National Liberation Army of Bolivia. The CIA agent of Cuban origin Félix Rodríguez Mendigutía is in charge of transmitting the order, from La Paz, to assassinate Ernesto Che Guevara.
Following the electoral victory of Salvador Allende, in Chile, President Richard M. Nixon allocates 10 million dollars to destabilize the new government. The CIA organizes and finances the fascist coup that installed Augusto Pinochet in power and left an atrocious death toll and disappeared.
Upon the triumph of the Sandinista Revolution in Nicaragua, US President James Carter authorized CIA operations in support of the Sandinista opposition. During the Ronald Reagan administration, hundreds of millions of dollars are allocated to the creation of a mercenary army that, from neighboring Honduras, is dedicated to sabotaging Nicaraguan efforts to build a democratic and plural society.
The war costs the country 60,000 dead and 2,000 missing, in addition to 17 billion dollars in losses that Americans refuse to pay despite the ruling of the International Court of Justice in 1986. Finally, the opposition came to power in 1990 after an electoral process marked by US interventionism, with the participation of the CIA.
In 1986, a DC-3 plane was shot down in Nicaragua, opening up the counterrevolution. The pilot, Eugene Hasenfus, reveals that the flights are directed by the CIA and come from bases in El Salvador and Honduras.
The CIA plays a fundamental role in the conception and organization of the security agencies from which the paramilitary groups of El Salvadoremanated. During the Salvadoran civil war, the United States supported successive military governments with more than 5 billion dollars. The war left a balance of 75 thousand dead and 8 thousand disappeared.
In 1983, US troops invaded Grenada shortly after a coup ended the government of Maurice Bishop. According to President Ronald Reagan, Grenada, an island of 340 km² and 110,000 inhabitants represented a military threat to the United States. Reagan had expressed concern about an airport that Cuban workers were building to develop tourism. After the invasion, the United States announced its decision to terminate that airport, albeit for other purposes.
In 1989, the United States invaded Panama under the pretext of capturing Manuel Antonio Noriega, then President of that country, a well-known former CIA agent accused of drug trafficking. The US government had known, at least since 1972, of Noriega’s illicit activities, but kept him on its payroll as long as he was useful. The invasion left a balance of seven thousand dead and missing, as well as millionaire losses.