Before knowing the meaning of the term carnation, let’s determine its etymological origin. In this case, we can state that it is a word of Latin origin. Specifically, it comes from “clavus”, which means “to close”.
It is a plant that is part of the family group of caryophylliaceae and is characterized by its beautiful aromatic flowers.
Scientific name Dianthus caryophyllus, the carnation is very popular in the Mediterranean areas. It is usually about 18 inches long, with long, narrow leaves and five-petal flowers that are generally reddish. Because of its appearance and fragrance, the carnation is often included in parks and gardens.
For its healthy growth, this plant needs well-draining soils and to be exposed to the sun. Their need for irrigation is frequent, so it is important to avoid flooding.
Low temperatures threaten the life of carnations. Among the pests that can attack them are aphids and mites. The carnation can also suffer from various diseases, such as the disorders caused by the fungi Rhizoctonia solani and Fusarium oxysporum.
In addition to what is indicated, we cannot ignore the fact that there is a symbolism with respect to carnations:
-White is synonymous with fidelity, pure love and even innocence.
-The red carnation means love and passion.
-The pink carnation is synonymous with love but maternal in particular or family in general.
-The yellow carnation is used to indicate sadness and disappointment for a love that has not been reciprocated.
-The green carnation, for its part, is the one associated with one of the most important festivals in Ireland. We are referring to that of Saint Patrick, although its most typical flower is the clover.
Other interesting or curious facts about the carnation are the following:
-A carnation infusion is appropriate to reduce menstrual pain and also to calm the nerves.
-It is considered the most typical flower in Spain and, in addition, it should be noted that it served as a symbol of what was the Ottoman Empire.
-It is believed that King Louis IX was the one who, in the 12th century, proceeded to bring the first carnations to the gardens of Europe.
-The carnations bloom all year round.
-In the case of Spain, the songs that have been inspired by carnations or that have them as protagonists are very diverse. This would be the case, for example, of “Clavelitos”.
It should be noted that traditional medicine appeals to the use of carnation to treat digestive problems, coughs, toothaches and hypertension. Usually its supply is developed through infusions.
Clavel is also the name of a bovine breed originating from German territory that was introduced in Chile. These cows usually have white limbs and a back that combines white and red. Their females are capable of giving 4,500 liters of milk in each lactation.
It is known as the Carnation Revolution, on the other hand, the uprising that took place in 1974 and led to the collapse of the dictatorship of António de Oliveira Salazar. The name comes from the flowers used by the protesters against the regime.