Calamity is an event that brings losses or disastrous consequences and also refers to a useless, annoying person or person who brings negative consequences to those around him.
The word calamity comes from the Latin calamitas which means “blow, damage.”
The synonyms for calamity are: disaster, misfortune, accident, adversity, misfortune, setback. Among the antonyms of calamity are the words: luck, fortune, bliss, victory.
The calamities can be caused by climatic phenomena such as hurricanes, floods, tsunamis, earthquakes, etc.
When calamities caused by natural phenomena cause conditions that leave citizens vulnerable to their livelihoods, infrastructures that threaten security, access to environmental resources and provision of basic services, it is considered a public calamity defined in Article 58 of Law 1523 of 2012 by the Government of Colombia.
In turn, calamities are also caused by human actions such as, for example, holocausts, genocides, murders and pollution.
A domestic calamity is any family event that prevents the worker from performing his job normally. This includes serious illness, death or serious injury of the spouse or relatives up to the fourth degree of consanguinity according to the law in Colombia.