The concept of acquittal (whose origin is found in the Latin word absolutĭo) describes the fact of acquitting, a verb that refers to the action of stripping anyone who has been accused of a certain crime of criminal responsibility or, when it is a process civil, not to consider the claims included in a lawsuit. In a more general sense, it can be said that to absolve is to leave someone free of charge or obligation.
From the perspective of Christianity, absolution consists in forgiving the sins of those who are sorry for their bad behavior. Absolution involves cleansing the sinner and giving him a new opportunity without considering the offenses he may have incurred.
This religious practice, carried out by priests, is inspired by the pardon that Jesus Christ granted to sinners. The rite is for the sinner to confess his faults before a priest, who establishes a penance for him and acquits his faults. Although in principle penance was public, from the Middle Ages priests began to grant absolution in private.
In this specific case, the way for a believer to receive absolution from the priest for the sins he may have committed is to go to church and decide to confess there individually. Once he has explained what he has committed and is repentant, the religious will impose a penance with which, in this way, he achieves that absolution.
In this sense, we can establish that the pastor must comply with what is called the secret of confession. A term with which it comes to express that he may not reveal under any circumstances, and even if his life is in danger, what has been made known to him by a person who has made use of his right to individual confession.
Instead, Protestants confess themselves through a prayer performed by the entire congregation. After his pronunciation, the pastor announces the acquittal.
For all that said, we can affirm that there are multiple types of absolution, both religiously and in other areas. The sacramental absolution, for example, is freedom and forgiveness that the confessor gives the penitent.
In the field of law, the use of acquittal is also used. In this specific case, and in a general way, we can establish that said term would come to define a judicial sentence by which it is established that a person is not guilty of the crime or fault that had been imputed to him, that is, that he is innocent.
The fact that such decision is ruled will bring, among its main consequences, the fact that this citizen ends the preventive prison sentence to which he could have been subjected, the bail that he could have given is returned, and that the end of the measures that were established to prevent him from fleeing the country.
The acquittal of the lawsuit consists of the resolution of a lawsuit that favors the defendant; The acquittal of positions, on the other hand, consists of the process marked by the action under the oath of the litigant against the questioning of the other party involved in the matter.
The acquittal in the instance, also, revolves around the pronouncement that is carried out in the sentence when a court or a judge shields itself in a procedural exception and decides to abstain from solving the merits. Finally, a general acquittal is one that is granted to a plurality of people.