Derived from the Latin absolutus, the notion of the absolute is used to identify what is independent, unlimited and does not give rise to midpoints. Something absolute exists by itself and is characterized by being whole, complete and total, since it is unconditional.
When an opinion or judgment is described as absolute, for example, they stand out as being decisive, decisive and categorical. An absolute magnitude is one that is calculated from a zero value that, in reality, represents the lack of the magnitude in question.
As in these examples, the word absolute is applied to various terms. An absolute numeral adjective, in this framework, identifies a cardinal adjective; On the other hand, an absolute liquid chemical has the particularity of being devoid of water and free of impurities.
In metaphysics, the absolute is that which is by itself (that is, it is not subject to anything since it has no relation to another reality).
In mathematics, the absolute value of a real number consists of its numerical value but stripped of its respective sign. For example: 5 is the absolute value of 5 and -5.
Finally, we can mention that absolute monarchy is a form of government of absolutism, in which the division of powers is not contemplated and authority is exercised by a single person. The monarch of this regime occupies his throne for life and holds hereditary power (that is, when he dies, his son will take his place).
This word is often related to the concept of absolute hearing, which indicates such a knowledge of sounds that it is possible to identify the names of the notes just by listening to them, as well as to reproduce them without the need for a guide. As with many other special abilities, it is difficult to determine if it is something that can be learned or an innate question. On the other hand, there are people who shortly after starting their musical studies begin to demonstrate this facility, while great artists with decades of careers depend on an instrument to locate themselves on a scale.
The universe of music is very wide and diverse, and in it people who practice many hours a day, or who study for years before giving their first recital, coexist with others who deny technique and discipline. The concept of pianist, singer or even violinist can take many different forms, depending on the style they are in, the way they play the instrument, the type of education they have received, and so on. However, any artist, be it a scholar or a raw natural talent, can have an absolute ear.
Opera singers are often associated with whimsical divas who wear expensive coats and travel in a limo. It is also common to associate them with excess weight. And all this may be true in some cases, as for any other type of person; But the truth behind these professionals is that they spend many years perfecting their voices and studying music theory. Reading sheet music is much more than recognizing the melodies printed on them; the true musician is able to see the message that the composer tried to communicate, the reason why he chose one or the other key, the possible sources of inspiration that prompted him to gather the notes in that particular way.
After this process of observation, aided in the best of cases by the intuition and the natural musicality in each person, the moment of execution arrives. And, once again, a good soprano is much more than someone with an extensive vocal range; in fact, the extension of the voice is, in part, the product of study and practice. It will be the fidelity with which you reproduce the most complex passages, the good taste with which you use the different intensities, the control you have over the changes in rhythm, and the tuning, among many other parameters, that people will evaluate to form their own image. Of the singer.
There is no greater qualification in the Opera than that of absolute soprano. She indicates that, according to the perception of the public and of the musicians who have worked with her, she is a woman capable of encompassing works written for any type of voice, such as being dramatic, lyrical or coloratural. The concept also usually refers to vocal extension, denoting the coexistence of all types of strings: soprano, mezzo-soprano and alto. In both cases, it is an oversized idea of an artist, a product of fanaticism, since the voice is the most complex and varied instrument and it would be impossible for a single person to gather all the characteristics and skills.